The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was required by Congress in 1997 to develop regulations for stormwater discharges to surface waters of the U.S. In response, the EPA adopted the NPDES Program.
The EPA delegated to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FPED) the authority to regulate stormwater discharge from the municipalities in the state of Florida, including the Town of Oakland. The Town operates under an MS4 Phase II permit, which requires the Town to develop and implement a stormwater management program with the goal to reduce the discharge of pollutants to surface waters to the "maximum extent practicable" and protect water quality.
An NPDES Stormwater Management Program contains 5 required main elements provided below in order to comply with the NPDES permit. The program elements are expected to collectively reduce pollutants discharged into the Town's surface waters.